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Pest Information

Slugs
(Gastropoda > Arionidae)

 

Appearance:
Adult 08-10cms, dark brown to black, sometimes with whitish band on the back, with yellowish foot.

Life Cycle:
Hermaphrodite, possesses both male and female reproductive systems. On locating a mate, will encircle each other and sperm is exchanged through their protruding genitalia. Eggs : around 30, are laid into a hole in the ground or under the cover of objects such as fallen logs. 

Notes :

Spiders
(Arachnida)

 

Appearance:
Arachnid; adult 4-5cms, extremely small body and long legs (cobweb spider)

Life Cycle:
Life Cycle Data

Notes :
Also called Daddy long Legs, Cobweb spiders these are common house dwellers. Well recognised because of their distinct long-legged appearance and webbing in corners and ceiling/wall joints. They are not technically considered pests, since they trap and consume several species of insects in the house, but their cobwebs give the home an unkempt and unsightly appearance. Jumping spiders do just that – they jump! They are small, usually black with red or white markings, and are often found in windows. They rarely bite. Sheet-web or orb spiders have a pair of dark bands across their yellowish head-thorax and abdomen. They are common on shrubs and weeds around the house. Most people have misconceptions about spiders : they are pictured to be poisonous (even deadly), and likely to attack at any time. This not true. There are some species of spider that have a venomous bite, but only a few are found in UAE and usually not found in and around homes. Spiders are largely beneficial since they feed on other pests

American Bollworm 
(Helicoverpa armigera)

 

Appearance:
Also called Pod, Fruit, Capsule or Earhead borer, Cobworm.

Life Cycle:

Notes :
A polyphagous pests – attacks about 200 different species of plants and is a serious pest of cotton, tobacco, maize, soybean, sorghum, pearl millet, red gram, green gram, bengal gram, cow pea, tomato, okra, sunflower, groundnut, linseed, castor, seasamum, mustard, safflower, rose, grapes, etc. Characteristic feeding damage caused by larvae is a large and circular entry hole, with the head thrust inside and the rest of the body projecting out.

Brown Dog Tick 
(Rhipecephalus sanguineus)

 

Appearance:
Adult : 4 pairs of legs, reddish-brown with tiny pits scattered over the back, no antennae, male and female look alike, female when gorged turns grayish black/olive. Nymphs resemble adults except in larval stage when they have an orange colouration and only 3 pairs of legs. Adult : 3mm, with female up to 11mm when engorged with blood. 

Life Cycle:
Eggs (1000-3000) laid in cracks and crevices; 4 nymphal stages. 

Notes :
Related to mites, but with a leathery cuticle. An ectoparasite, it lives on animal blood and usually infest dogs. Can become a very serious problem in homes as it prefers human habitation, usually found crawling on walls and in wall and ceiling joints. Adults can go without feeding for up to 2 years. Females engorge on blood and drop off to lay their eggs.

Bandicoot Rat or Larger/Greater Bandicoot Rat 
(Bandicota indica)

 

Appearance:
Adult : Dark, greyish-brown, 30-40cms with an equally long tail. Similar to Mole-Rat, but much larger, weighing as much as 1.4kg! 

Life Cycle:
Female has between 8-10 litters. Young (8-14 per litter) are born blind and naked. Young reach sexual maturity around 50-60 days after birth. Life span of adults is around a year. 

Notes :
Large, aggressive animals that erect their guard hairs on their backs and emit grunts when disturbed. If caged with other bandicoots, it is likely to fight to death within a few hours. Usually occupies the outskirts of human dwellings such as compounds and gardens and is commonly found near garbage bins. Its burrowing habits cause great damage to grounds and flooring as it can also tunnel through brick and masonry. The characteristic large burrow gives away its presence. A totally non-fussy eater, it is equally comfortable feeding on household refuse, grain and vegetables and is a very serious pest in poultry farms. Like its smaller cousin, it is also a carrier for many diseases. 

Gecko 
(Hemidactylus Spp.)

 

Appearance:
Adult 10-15cms, light to chocolate brown, grey with darker bands. 

Life Cycle:
Eggs (pearly white, rounded) laid by female in cracks and crevices; juveniles undergo several molts (sloughing of skin) before becoming adults. 

Notes :
Northern House Gecko (Hemidactylus flaviviridis)
Pale grey above, yellowish below. Colour may vary with season. Upto 180mm long, half of which is the tail. The most common gecko of north India found on walls inside buildings; also occurs in some parts of west & central India. Breeds between March-April.

Bark Gecko (Hemidactylus leschenaulti)
Resembles H. flaviviridis, about 166mm long, but with dark grey colour and wavy bands on the back. A common gecko of the Indian peninsula, it is the house gecko in some parts of the country such as Orissa and Bengal. Also frequents trees such as banyan and tamarind, where its colouration helps it to blend in with the bark. Breeds between April-July.

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